The mechanism of CYP3A4-substrate interactions has been investigated using a battery of techniques including cysteine scanning mutagenesis, photoaffinity labeling, and structural modeling. In this study, cysteine scanning mutagenesis was performed at seven sites within CYP3A4 proposed to be involved in substrate interaction and/or cooperativity. Photolabeled CYP3A4 peptide adducts were further characterized by mass spectrometric analysis for each mutant after proteolytic digestion and isolation of fluorescent photolabeled peptides. Among the tryptic peptides of seven tested mutants, three photolabeled peptides of the F108C mutant, ECYSVFTNR (positions 97-105), VLQNFSFKPCK (positions 459-469), and RPCGPVGFMK (positions 106-115) were identified by MALDI-TOF-MS and nano-LC/ESI QTOF MS. The site of modification was further localized to the substituted Cys-108 residue in the mutant peptide adduct RPCGPVGFMK (positions 106-115) by nano-LC/ESI QTOF MS/MS. In summary, we described a potentially useful method to study P450 active sites using a combination of cysteine scanning mutagenesis and photoaffinity labeling.
Arch Biochem Biophys. 2005 Dec 15;444(2):100-11. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2005.09.010. Epub 2005 Oct 21.